ADVICE, EXPECTATION, AND OBLIGATION

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
ADVICE, EXPECTATION, AND OBLIGATION by Mind Map: ADVICE, EXPECTATION, AND OBLIGATION

1. ADVICE

1.1. We use can to express permission or talk about rules. We use the negative can't to express that permission hasn't been granted.

1.1.1. You can go to the front of the line, but you can't use your cell phone in here.

1.2. We can also ude be allowed to to express permission. The negative expressed that permission hasn't been granted and is a little more formal than can't.

1.2.1. You're nor allowed to / can´t drive on the right in the UK!

1.3. We used have to to express external obligation and don't have to pay the full amount.

1.3.1. All passengers have to / must board though the door on the right.

1.3.2. You have to pay by tomorrow, but you don't have to pay the full amount.

2. STROG ADVICE / WARNING

2.1. We used should or ought to to express a personal obligation.

2.1.1. I really should / ought to tell Dan I'm taking the trip with you.

3. EXPECTATION

3.1. We used be supposed to to express something that we're expected to do, but don't always do. In a negative sentence not goes after a form of be.

3.1.1. You're supposed to wait.

3.1.2. You're nor supposed to be here.

4. PERSONAL OBLIGATION

4.1. We use had better (not) to express strong advice or a warning. Had better is followed by the base form of the verb.

4.1.1. You'd better drive slowly tonight. The roads are very icy.

4.1.2. They'd better not play their music again tonight. I'll call the police!

4.2. In the first person, we can use had better to express a strong obligation.

4.2.1. I'd better renew my passport, or I won't be able to travel.

5. EXTERNAL OBLIGATION / RULES

5.1. We used "SHOULD" or "OUGHT TO" to give advice or make a suggestion.

5.1.1. Maybe you should / ought to try to do things differently.

5.1.2. You shouldn't expect to succeed instantly. It will take a lot of effort.

5.2. We also use "WOULD" and "WOULDN'T" to give advice. The words "if I were you" are often implied.

5.2.1. I would stay somewhere else (if were you). The service at this hotel is pretty bad.