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Linguistics by Mind Map: Linguistics

1. Lexicology

1.1. General Lexicology

1.1.1. Approaches to Language Study

1.1.1.1. Synchronic

1.1.1.2. Diachronic

1.1.2. Word as a Language Unit

1.1.2.1. Word Structure

1.1.2.1.1. Sound Form

1.1.2.1.2. Morphological Structure

1.1.2.1.3. Syntactic Functions

1.1.2.2. The Motivation of Words

1.1.2.2.1. Phonetic Motivation

1.1.2.2.2. Morphologic Motivation

1.1.2.2.3. Semantic Motivation

1.1.2.3. The Linguistic Relations

1.1.2.3.1. Syntagmatic

1.1.2.3.2. Paradygmatic

1.1.2.4. General Problems of the Theory of the Word

1.1.2.4.1. The Separating Words Problem

1.1.2.4.2. The Problem of Word and Object

1.1.2.4.3. The Problem of Word Definition

1.1.3. Meaning of a Word

1.1.3.1. Semasiology

1.1.3.2. Types of Meaning

1.1.3.2.1. The Grammatical Meaning

1.1.3.2.2. The Lexical Meaning

1.1.3.3. Causes of Semantic Change

1.1.3.3.1. The Extralinguistic Causes

1.1.3.3.2. The Linguistic Causes

1.1.3.4. Nature of Semantic Change

1.1.3.4.1. Similarity of Meanings or Metaphor

1.1.3.4.2. Contiguity of Meanings or Metonymy

1.1.3.5. Results of Semantic Change

1.1.3.5.1. Restriction of Meaning

1.1.3.5.2. Extension of Meaning

1.1.3.5.3. Amelioration of Meaning

1.1.3.5.4. Deterioration of Meaning

1.1.3.6. Polysemy

1.1.3.6.1. Diachronical View of Polysemy

1.1.3.6.2. Synchronical View of Polysemy

1.1.3.7. Context

1.1.3.7.1. Linguistic Context

1.1.3.7.2. Extra-linguistic Context

1.1.3.8. Homonymy

1.1.3.8.1. Homonyms Proper

1.1.3.8.2. Homophones

1.1.3.8.3. Homographs

1.1.3.9. Synonymy

1.1.3.9.1. Classification of Synonyms

1.1.3.9.2. Synonymic Dominant

1.1.3.10. Antonymy

1.1.3.10.1. Classifications of Antonyms

1.1.4. Process of Nomination

1.1.4.1. Participants

1.1.4.1.1. The Nominator

1.1.4.1.2. The Referent

1.1.4.2. Stages

1.1.4.2.1. Formation of a Concept of the Object

1.1.4.2.2. Designation of Class of Objects

1.1.4.2.3. Formation of Functional Significance of a Linguistic Unit

1.1.4.2.4. The Acquisition of the Sound and Graphic Form

1.1.5. Lexico-Semantic System

1.1.5.1. Lexical Oppositions

1.1.5.1.1. The Basis of a Lexical Opposition

1.2. Special Lexicology

1.2.1. Lexicology of the English Language

1.2.1.1. Historical Lexicology

1.2.1.2. Descriptive Lexicology

1.2.1.2.1. Word-Formation

1.2.1.2.2. Phraseology

1.2.1.2.3. Borrowings

1.2.1.2.4. Stylistic Classification of the English Vocabulary

1.3. Connection with the other sciences

1.3.1. Grammar

1.3.2. Phonetics

1.3.3. History of Language

1.3.4. Stylistics