Week 5-Word order in English /Spanish and cognates.

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Week 5-Word order in English /Spanish and cognates. by Mind Map: Week 5-Word order in English /Spanish and cognates.

1. Orden de palabras en Español

1.1. El español presenta la información discursiva con el siguiente orden de palabras: sujeto (S), verbo (V) y objeto (o).

1.1.1. 2 Tipos principales de orden

1.1.1.1. Orden natural

1.1.1.1.1. Sujeto-Verbo-Objeto-Complementos adverbiales

1.1.1.2. Orden invertido

1.1.1.2.1. Complementos adverbiales-Sujeto-Verbo-Objeto

2. Main elements in Word order

2.1. word order in English is:

2.1.1. Subject + Verb + Object.

2.1.1.1. are

2.1.1.1.1. Subject: typically a noun or pronoun—the person, place or thing

2.1.1.1.2. Verb: the action or state of being.

2.1.1.1.3. Object: the word or group of words influenced by the verb

3. Word order Patterns in English :

3.1. Normal word order.

3.2. Inverted (verb subject) word order.

3.3. Word order of direct and indirect object.

4. Key points to remember about Word order in English

4.1. Adjectives

4.1.1. Adjectives often come before the noun.

4.1.2. Adjectives can also be placed at the end of a sentences by using a stative verbs.

4.2. Adverbs

4.2.1. The adverb is placed at the beginning of the sentence before the subject, but the subject still comes before its verb.

4.2.2. Adverbs and adverb phrases can be placed in three places in a sentence

5. Orden sintáctico

5.1. es la que ordena los elementos de la frase según su función gramatical:

5.1.1. 1ro. el sujeto 2do. el verbo 3ro. atributo o complementos: a) directo, b) indirecto c) circunstancial

5.1.1.1. El verbo se coloca normalmente intercalado entre el sujeto y el complemento.

5.1.1.1.1. ejemplo

6. Casos sobre orden de palabras en Castellano:

6.1. adjetivo

6.1.1. grupo sintagmático nominal influyen factores de diversa naturaleza, como el carácter de la atribución, su necesidad o la índole semántica.

6.1.1.1. ejemplo

6.2. sustantivo

6.2.1. se encuentra modificado por dos o más adjetivos, yuxtapuestos o coordinados

6.2.1.1. ejemplo

6.2.1.1.1. un hombre sencillo, humilde y bueno.

6.3. Adverbios.

6.3.1. En la función de complemento circunstancial, su situación depende del énfasis que se le quiera dar.

6.3.1.1. ejemplo

6.3.1.1.1. Hoy no hay clase de Geología

7. Cognates and False cognates considerations

7.1. cognates

7.1.1. Cognates are e the words that are easiest to learn because they’re similar to the words you already know, because they’re descended from the same root word.

7.1.1.1. Perfect cognates as words that are spelt exactly the same in Spanish and English except for maybe an accent over one letter and they mean the same thing in both languages.

7.1.1.1.1. example

7.2. False cognates

7.2.1. False cognates are words whose similarity in form or sound may be coincidental or the result of mutual influence; but they are not etymologically related.

7.2.1.1. False cognates or false friends, they are words that are spelt the same or similar but mean completely different things

7.2.1.1.1. example

8. Word Order in English

8.1. is important, because it can change the spirit, meaning or fluency of a sentence.

8.1.1. Standard word order is the most common sentence pattern in English. The SUBJECT comes before the VERB.

8.1.1.1. example

8.1.1.1.1. SUBJECT

8.1.1.1.2. VERB