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online learning by Mind Map: online learning
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online learning

parcipatory cultures

definition:

"a culture with relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement, strong support for creating and sharing one’s creations, and some type of informal mentorship whereby what is known by the most experienced is passed along to novices" (Jenkins, 2006, p. 3)

forms

affiliation/membership

expression/producing

collaborative problem solving

circulation

challenges

participation gap

tranparency problem

ethic challenge

solution: New Media Literacies

Skills: Play, performance, simulation, appropriation, multitasking, distributed cognition, collective intelligence, judgement, transmedia navigation, networking

fostering new media literacies in school and after school (informal learning communities)

build on the foundation of traditional literacy, research skills, technical skills, and critical analysis skills taught in classroom

offer "affinity spaces"

informal learning, forms, youth programs, after school program, online communities, benefits, bridge between social media and academic content, encouraging dynamic dialog (interactive), linking to formal learning

respond to short term needs

flexibility: interest, time

pedagogical model

behaviorist

individual study (self faced)

focus of content

FOR: memory & conceptual knowledge

NOT sufficient for quality education

constructivist

groups

focus on metacognition & evaluation

FOR: develop group skills and trust

NOT sufficient for advance forms of learning

cennectivist

networks & diversity to learning, distributed, share common interest, self organizing, open learning

teaching in a connected environment

students as a content creator

FOR introduce networked learning & foundational for lifelong learning

benefits

for learners

no time zones, location and distance

working & studying

situated learning

for instructor

materials can be updated immediately

appropriate info based on learners' need

determine learners' need & level of expertise

achieve learners' desire learning outcomes

knowledge changes (rhizomatic model of education)

collaborative knowledge construction

knowledge as negotiation

info is the foundation of knowledge

curriculum is constructed and negotiated

how's the application?

Solution: WEB 2.0

tools

social networkings, definition:, as web-based services that allow individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system,, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, view and traverse their list of connection, examples, facebook: (+)maintain relationship with old friends, twitter: (+) sharing ideas with new friends, roles of social networks in students live (greenhow & robelia, 2009):, emotional support, relational maintenance, self-presentation, in Greenhow & Robelia (2009) research, SNS supported students’ social learning through:, validation & appreciation of creative work, peer alumni support, school task related support, bridging online and offline social networks, issue of users' privacy

blogs

wikis

video sharing sites

hosted service

web applications

mashups

folksonomies

implications: support for...

conversational interaction between individuals or groups

social feedback

social networks and relationship

challenges for distance learners:

lack of technical training

feeling of isolation and alienation

lack of contact/social presence

timely feedback

lack of access to resources