14 Categories of Disabilities as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

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14 Categories of Disabilities as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) by Mind Map: 14 Categories of Disabilities as defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)


1.1. Characteristics include: Communication problems; Difficulty relating to people, things, and events; Playing with toys and objects in unusual ways; Difficulty adjusting to changes in routine or to familiar surroundings; Repetitive body movements or behaviors

1.1.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Visual Representation Systems, Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT)/Lovaas Model, Floortime/Difference Relationship Model (DIR), Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT), Relationship Development Intervention (RDI), Social Communication/Emotional Regulation/Transactional Support (SCERTS), Training and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children (TEACCH), Verbal Behavior (VB); Other Treatment Options: Social Skills Training, Speech-Language Therapy, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), Sensory Integration, Occupational Therapy, Medication Floortime Therapy Model Visual Representation System - Brain Power System (BPS) Floortime Therapy Method Visual Representation System - Brain Power System

1.1.2. Autism Case Study - Maggie McDonough


2.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Braille Writer, Large Display Scientific Calculator, Assistive Listening Device (ALD), Screen Magnifiers, Personal Digital Assistants (PDA), Electronic Book Players; Special Education Accommodations: Interpreters, Notetakers, Tutors, Readers, Large Print/Braille Materials, Audio Textbooks, Reading Machines, Audiovisual Materials, Alternative Testing

2.1.1. Assistive Technology - Braille Note with Amplification

2.1.2. Assistive Technology for Deaf-Blindness

2.2. Deaf-Blind Case Study - Jake

2.3. Deaf-Blind Case Study - Matthew


3.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Access to the front of the class, Assistive Listening Device (ALD), Hearing Aids, Telecommunication Device for the Deaf (TDD), Frequency-Modulated (FM), Audio Loops, Infrared Systems, Cochlear Implants, Wireless Technology, Captioning, Alerting Systems, Live Speech Captioning

3.1.1. Assistive Technology for Deaf and NonVerbal Students - Hearing Aids,


4.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Early intervention; Special Education Accommodations: Speech Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Vision Therapy, Psychological Counseling

4.1.1. Vision Therapy for Developmental Delay

4.1.2. Let's Be Social IPad App for Developmental Delay

4.2. Developmental Delay Case Study - Elliot


5.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Behavior Charts, Point Systems, Book of Possibilities, Classroom Timer, Social Skills Builders, Anger Thermometers, Journals, Communication and Organization Apps

5.1.1. Educational Interventions, Modifications, and Assistive Technology for Students with Emotional Disturbance

5.2. Emotional Disturbance Case Study - Michael


6.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Amplification Devices (such as Frequency Modulated Units), Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants, Bone-Anchored Hearing Aids; Special Education Accommodations: Visual Aids, Interpreters, Language-Oriented Lessons, Print-Rich Classrooms

6.1.1. Hearing Aid and Wireless Microphone Assistive Technology

6.1.2. Assistive Technology - IPad for Students with Hearing Impairment

6.2. Hearing Impairment Case Study - Roberto


7.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Communication devices, Literacy, Language development, Mathematical, Organizational, and Social Skills development tools

7.1.1. Strategies for Beginning Readers with Down Syndrome (with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities)

7.2. Intellectual Disabilities include disabilities such as Down Syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome.

7.3. Intellectual Disability Case Study - Sydney


8.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Early Intervention; Abbreviation Expanders, Alternative keyboards, Audio books and publications, Electronic math worksheets, Optical character recognition, Personal FM listening systems, Portable word processors, Proofreading programs, Speech-recognition programs, Speech synthesizers/Screen readers; Talking calculators, Talking spell checkers and Electronic dictionaries, Variable-speed tape recorders, Word prediction programs; Special Education Accommodations: Occupational Therapy, Speech-Language Therapy, Physio Therapy, Physical Arrangement of the Classroom, Safety Plan,


9.1. Examples of impairments include those caused by polio, bone tuberculosis, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, scoliosis, muscular dystrophy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures

9.1.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Speech Recognition Software, Screen Reading Software, Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices (such as Communication Boards), Modified Writing Aids, Academic Software Packages; Special Education Accommodations: Special seating arrangement, Instruction focused on development of gross and fine motor skills; Other Specialists: Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, Adapted Physical Education; Other Therapies (such as Massage Therapy, Music Therapy etc.) Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices Dynabox Augmentative Communication Device - Elle

9.2. Examples include impairments caused by polio, bone tuberculosis, cerebral palsy, amputation, and fractures or burns that cause contractures


10.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Videotaping class sessions for students, Textbooks on tape, Laptop or Portable word processor to take notes, Audio recorders to record lessons, Screen reading software, Voice recognition software, Word prediction software, Computers with speech input, Adaptive keyboard, mouse, etc.; Special Education Accommodations: Flexible time limits, Freedom to use the bathroom and drinking fountains as needed, Frequent breaks, Reduced assignments, Alternative assignments when absent frequently, Alternative grading scale, Safe Place, Assignment exemption if necessary, Decreased distractions, Flexible Seating

10.2. Other Health Impairment Case Study - Sophia


11.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Abbreviation expanders, Alternative keyboards, Audio books, Electronic math worksheets, Freeform database software, Graphic organizers and Outliners, Information and Data Managers, Optical character recognition, Personal FM listening systems, Portable word processors, Proofreading programs, Speech-recognition programs, speech synthesizers/Screen readers, Talking Calculators, Talking spell Checkers and Electronic Dictionaries, Variable-speech tape recorders, Word-prediction programs

11.1.1. Best IPad Apps for Dyslexia

11.1.2. BookShare for Students with Dyslexia

11.2. Specific Learning Disabilities include Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, and other learning disabilities in Expressive language, Receptive language, Basic Writing mechanics, Basic Reading decoding, Reading Comprehension, Basic Math Calculation skills, and Applied Math and Problem Solving

11.3. Specific Learning Disability Case Study - Sam


12.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Augmentative or Alternative Communication (AAC) devices, Text to speech devices, Word prediction software, Visual organizers, ; Special Education Accommodations: Speech-Language Pathology, Speech Therapy,

12.1.1. Special Education Intervention - Speech and Language Therapy for Michael

12.1.2. Speech and Language Therapy - Dylan

12.2. Speech and Language Impairment Case Study - Joey

12.3. Speech andLanguage Impairment Case Study - Jay


13.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Small voice recorders, Handheld microphones, Visual Assistant, Large print books, Audio books, Computer assisted basic skills programs, Alternate keyboard, Adapted computer access technology, Notetaker, Portable word processor, Prosthetic memory aids; Special Education Accommodations: Provide modifications in scheduling for students with chronic fatigue, Simplify verbal and written instructions, Ensure students have a 'buddy' to help with instructions, transitions, and assignments, Encourage verbal and written communication, Assist with socially acceptable behavior

13.1.1. Assistive Technology for Students with Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1.2. Educational Approach for Students with Traumatic Brain Injury


14.1. Special Education Interventions/Assistive Technology: Braille, Magnifying glasses, Large print text/books, Anti-glare paper, Contrasting text and background colors, Thick lined paper, Reading/Writing stand, Optical magnifier, Highlighters, Felt tip markers with various thicknesses, Slant board, Color filters, Large key/High contrast keyboards, Audio device, Portable word processing device, Screen readers, Screen magnification, Reading machines, Video magnifiers, Refreshable braille displays, Braille translation software, Note taker recognition, Mobile devices

14.1.1. Assistive Technology for Students with Visual Impairment

14.1.2. Laptops, Braille Displays, Screen Readers & Screen Enlargement Assistive Technology for Students with Visual Impairments

14.2. Visual Impairment Case Study - Marika

14.3. Visual Impairment Case Study - Robbie