Gender Dysphoria

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Gender Dysphoria by Mind Map: Gender Dysphoria

1. Most boys develop a male gender identity and most girls develop a female gender identity, but this is not the case for all children

1.1. This is known as 'gender dysphoria' whereby an individual feels trapped inside the wrong-sex body - this is the main symptom of 'GID' (gender identity disorder)

2. Why does psychological androgyny happen?

2.1. Rogers and Rogers (2001)

2.1.1. Reviewed multiple explanations of gender dysphoria - they all share the view that it is a conscious and deliberate choice made by some individuals who choose to reject traditional gender ideas.

2.2. Conjoint Models - Bem and Spence et al

2.2.1. A balance of masculine and feminine characteristics are desirable and healthy within a personality Zeldow et al - people with more masculine qualities are more well adjusted overall

2.2.2. Explains the benefits of androgyny rather than the causes

2.3. Behavioural Models

2.3.1. Androgyny is a form of behaviour or action and is demonstrated by what people do rather than what they think

2.3.2. Views androgyny as a way of life

2.4. Developmental Models

2.4.1. Androgyny is a development stage reached only by some people who are able to move beyond acceptance of traditional sex roles

2.4.2. Doesn't explain how and why this happens to me people but not others

3. GID

3.1. 1 in 11000 people are affected

3.2. In order for GID to be diagnosed a number of criteria must be met

3.2.1. The person must experience ongoing identification with the opposite sex

3.2.2. Must feel a strong sense of discomfort with their own biological sex

3.2.3. The experience must affect their ability to function in everyday life

3.2.4. No biological condition should occur at the same time

3.3. RESEARCH SHOWS Gender dysphoria diminishes over adolescence and early adulthood so that most children who show cross-sex identification do not go on to request sex changes

3.3.1. Drummond et al (2008) 30 girls referred to a clinic for masculine behaviours - 88% of Ps who showed strong gender dysphoria at age 2-3 showed no signs at age 18, only 12% continued to show gender dysphoria 2 main research methods Retrospective - looking back at those diagnosed with GID Prospective - following a group of children as they grow up and mapping development - this often involves Ps who's parents have referred them to a clinic over concern

3.3.2. Green (1997) - 44 boys referred to a clinic for strong feminine behaviours - compared to 30 control boys - at the age of 18, only one remained gender dysphoric and opted for surgery