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Plants by Mind Map: Plants

1. Bryophytes

1.1. Seedless, nonvascular

1.2. Dominant Gametophyte

1.3. Archegonia/Antheridia

1.4. Fertilization by Water

1.5. Homosporous

1.6. Unisexual gametophyte

1.7. Nutritionally dependent sporophyte

1.8. Liverworts

1.9. Mosses

1.10. Hornworts

2. Pterydophytes

2.1. Seedless, Vascular Plant

2.2. Dominant Sporophyte

2.2.1. Eventually independent from gametophyte

2.3. Archegonia/Antheridia

2.4. Homosporous

2.5. Bisexual gametophyte

2.5.1. Prothallus

2.6. Fertilization by water

2.7. Independent sporophyte and gametophyte

2.8. Lycopods

2.9. Ferns

2.10. Horsetails

3. Gymnosperms

3.1. Seeds

3.1.1. Ovule becomes seed

3.1.2. Integument becomes seed coat

3.2. Heterospory

3.2.1. Microspores

3.2.2. Megaspores

3.3. Lateral Growth

3.4. No Antheridia

3.5. Unisexual Gametophytes

3.6. Pollen = microgametophyte

3.6.1. 4 cells total

3.6.1.1. Two Prothallial cell

3.6.1.2. Generative cell

3.6.1.2.1. Produces Sperm

3.6.1.3. Tube cell

3.7. Nucellus = megasproangium

3.8. Nonswimming Sperm

3.9. Male/Female Cones

3.9.1. Microsporangiate/Megasporangiate Strobilus

4. Angiosperms

4.1. Flowers

4.2. No Antheridia

4.3. No Archegonia

4.4. Dominant Sporophyte

4.5. Pollen = Microgametophyte

4.5.1. 2 cells total

4.5.1.1. Vegative cell

4.5.1.2. Generative cell

4.6. Magnolilds

4.7. Monocots

4.8. Eudicots

4.9. Carpel (ovary)

4.9.1. Stigma

4.9.2. Style

4.9.3. Micropyle

4.9.4. Ovule

4.10. Mature Ovule = Embryo Sac

4.11. Stamen

4.11.1. Anther

4.11.2. Filament

4.12. Sepals

4.13. Xylem

4.13.1. Starts from the roots to the top

4.13.2. Adhesion-Cohesion-Tension

4.13.3. Dead tissue

4.13.4. Pressure-driven transport

4.13.4.1. Guttation

4.13.4.1.1. Positive root pressure

4.13.4.2. Transpiration

4.13.4.2.1. Water leaves through the stomata

4.13.4.2.2. Negative Pressure

4.14. Phloem

4.14.1. Assimilate Tranport

4.14.1.1. Photosynthesis products

4.14.2. Driven by osmotic pressure

4.14.3. Movement is source to sink