LINKING CLAUSES

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LINKING CLAUSES por Mind Map: LINKING CLAUSES

1. Reason (Razón)

1.1. BECAUSE + CLAUSE

1.1.1. We moved to another city because my father got a new job

1.2. BECAUSE OF + NOUN

1.2.1. We moved to another city because of my father’s new job

2. Purpose (Propósito)

2.1. TO + INFINITIVO

2.1.1. I went to the university to talk to one of my teachers

2.2. IN ORDER TO /

2.2.1. I went to the university in order to talk to one of my so as to teachers. (more formal)

2.3. SO THAT + CAN(N’T) / WILL (WON'T) → para referirnos al presente o futuro

2.4. + WOULD (N'T) / COULD (N'T) → para referirnos al pasado

2.5. FOR + NOUN / -ING FORM

2.5.1. A knife is used for cutting

3. Resultado (Result)

3.1. SO = ASÍ QUÉ

3.1.1. She was ill so she couldn’t take the exam.

3.2. AS A RESULT / THEREFORE = POR TANTO, COMO CONSECUENCIA

3.2.1. I failed my English test. Therefore, I took it again in September.

3.3. SO / SUCH....THAT = TAN........QUE

3.3.1. SO + ADJECTIVE / ADVERB + THAT

3.3.1.1. The ticket for the concert was so expensive (that) we couldn’t buy it.

3.3.2. SUCH + (ADJECTIVE) + NOUN THAT

3.3.2.1. It is such a big city (that) I always get lost.

4. De tiempo (Time)

4.1. WHEN / AS = CUANDO

4.1.1. I’ll phone you when I know the answer

4.2. WHILE = MIENTRAS (QUE)

4.2.1. While I was watching TV, the telephone rang.

4.3. AS SOON AS = TAN PRONTO COMO

4.3.1. I’ll phone you as soon as I know the answer

4.4. UNTIL = HASTA (QUE)

4.4.1. We were waiting until she arrived

4.5. BEFORE / AFTER = ANTES DE (QUE) / DESPUÉS DE (QUE)

4.5.1. She went to the gym after she had done her homework.

5. De contraste

5.1. ALTHOUGH / EVEN THOUGH / THOUGH = AUNQUE

5.1.1. ALTHOUGH / EVEN THOUGH / THOUGH + CLAUSE

5.1.1.1. Although he didn’t have money, he bought the most expensive car.

5.2. IN SPITE OF / DESPITE = A PESAR DE

5.2.1. IN SPITE OF / DESPITE + NOUN / -ING FORM

5.2.1.1. In spite of not having money, he bought the most expensive car.

5.3. WHILE / WHERE AS = MIENTRAS QUE

5.3.1. He is lively and easygoing whereas his sister is rather shy

5.4. HOWEVER, NEVERTHELESS, YET = NO OBSTANTE, SIN EMBARGO, AÚN ASÍ, DE TODOS MODOS

5.4.1. She didn’t want to have more children. However, she might change her mind.